Erlebe Abenteuer, enthülle Geheimnisse und finde versteckte Schätze in einem nostalgischen Abenteuer von einigen der kreativen Köpfe hinter LittleBigPlanet. KNIGHTS AND BIKES ist ein von Hand gezeichnetes Action-Adventure, das in den 80ern auf einer britischen Insel spielt. In dieser von den. Knights and Bikes ist ein kooperatives Action-Adventure Videospiel, das von The Goonies und Secret of Mana inspiriert wurde. Es wurde von Foam Sword.
Knights and Bikes kaufenKnights and Bikes. System: Nintendo Switch Erscheinungsdatum: 21,99 €. Preis im Nintendo eShop (inkl. MwSt.) Download-Version. Erlebe Abenteuer, enthülle Geheimnisse und finde versteckte Schätze in einem nostalgischen Abenteuer von einigen der kreativen Köpfe hinter LittleBigPlanet. Many translated example sentences containing "about knights and" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations.
Knights And Knights and Dungeons VideoFox Sailor - A World of Knights and Dragons
This was in large part thanks to the Crusades, a series of military expeditions beginning in the late 11th century that were organised by western European Christians in an effort to counter the spread of Islam.
The Catholic Church had traditionally had an uneasy relationship with war and so this religious aspect of chivalry can be seen as an attempt at reconciling the warring tendencies of the noble class with the ethical requirements of the church.
This term refers to the religious motivations held by some knights in the Middle Ages — motivations that were so strong that their plunder was often donated to churches and monasteries.
The order still exists today and current members include Queen Elizabeth II. During the Battle of Agincourt, King Henry V had more than 3, French prisoners executed, among which were many knights.
This act went completely against the chivalric code that stated a knight must be taken hostage and ransomed. One source claims Henry killed the prisoners because he was worried they would escape and rejoin the fighting.
Chivalry developed as an early standard of professional ethics for knights, who were relatively affluent horse owners and were expected to provide military services in exchange for landed property.
Early notions of chivalry entailed loyalty to one's liege lord and bravery in battle, similar to the values of the Heroic Age.
During the Middle Ages, this grew from simple military professionalism into a social code including the values of gentility, nobility and treating others reasonably.
In Wolfram von Eschenbach 's Parzival c. Knights of the late medieval era were expected by society to maintain all these skills and many more, as outlined in Baldassare Castiglione 's The Book of the Courtier , though the book's protagonist, Count Ludovico, states the "first and true profession" of the ideal courtier "must be that of arms.
Chivalry and religion were mutually influenced during the period of the Crusades. The early Crusades helped to clarify the moral code of chivalry as it related to religion.
As a result, Christian armies began to devote their efforts to sacred purposes. As time passed, clergy instituted religious vows which required knights to use their weapons chiefly for the protection of the weak and defenseless, especially women and orphans, and of churches.
In peacetime, knights often demonstrated their martial skills in tournaments, which usually took place on the grounds of a castle.
Medieval tournaments were made up of martial sports called hastiludes , and were not only a major spectator sport but also played as a real combat simulation.
It usually ended with many knights either injured or even killed. One contest was a free-for-all battle called a melee , where large groups of knights numbering hundreds assembled and fought one another, and the last knight standing was the winner.
The most popular and romanticized contest for knights was the joust. In this competition, two knights charge each other with blunt wooden lances in an effort to break their lance on the opponent's head or body or unhorse them completely.
The loser in these tournaments had to turn his armour and horse over to the victor. The last day was filled with feasting, dancing and minstrel singing.
Besides formal tournaments, they were also unformalized judicial duels done by knights and squires to end various disputes. Judicial combat was of two forms in medieval society, the feat of arms and chivalric combat.
The chivalric combat was fought when one party's honor was disrespected or challenged and the conflict could not be resolved in court.
Weapons were standardized and must be of the same caliber. The duel lasted until the other party was too weak to fight back and in early cases, the defeated party were then subsequently executed.
Examples of these brutal duels were the judicial combat known as the Combat of the Thirty in , and the trial by combat fought by Jean de Carrouges in A far more chivalric duel which became popular in the Late Middle Ages was the pas d'armes or "passage of arms".
In this hastilude , a knight or a group of knights would claim a bridge, lane or city gate, and challenge other passing knights to fight or be disgraced.
One of the greatest distinguishing marks of the knightly class was the flying of coloured banners, to display power and to distinguish knights in battle and in tournaments.
Armorial rolls were created to record the knights of various regions or those who participated in various tournaments.
Knights and the ideals of knighthood featured largely in medieval and Renaissance literature , and have secured a permanent place in literary romance.
Geoffrey of Monmouth 's Historia Regum Britanniae History of the Kings of Britain , written in the s, introduced the legend of King Arthur , which was to be important to the development of chivalric ideals in literature.
Sir Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur The Death of Arthur , written in , was important in defining the ideal of chivalry, which is essential to the modern concept of the knight, as an elite warrior sworn to uphold the values of faith , loyalty , courage , and honour.
Instructional literature was also created. Geoffroi de Charny 's " Book of Chivalry " expounded upon the importance of Christian faith in every area of a knight's life, though still laying stress on the primarily military focus of knighthood.
In the early Renaissance greater emphasis was laid upon courtliness. The ideal courtier—the chivalrous knight—of Baldassarre Castiglione's The Book of the Courtier became a model of the ideal virtues of nobility.
Later Renaissance literature, such as Miguel de Cervantes 's Don Quixote , rejected the code of chivalry as unrealistic idealism. By the end of the 16th century, knights were becoming obsolete as countries started creating their own professional armies that were quicker to train, cheaper and easier to mobilize.
The cost of equipment was also significantly lower, and guns had a reasonable chance to easily penetrate a knight's armour. In the 14th century the use of infantrymen armed with pikes and fighting in close formation also proved effective against heavy cavalry, such as during the Battle of Nancy , when Charles the Bold and his armoured cavalry were decimated by Swiss pikemen.
Many landowners found the duties of knighthood too expensive and so contented themselves with the use of squires. Mercenaries also became an economic alternative to knights when conflicts arose.
Armies of the time started adopting a more realistic approach to warfare than the honor-bound code of chivalry. Soon, the remaining knights were absorbed into professional armies.
Although they had a higher rank than most soldiers because of their valuable lineage, they lost their distinctive identity that previously set them apart from common soldiers.
They adopted newer technology while still retaining their age-old chivalric traditions. In continental Europe different systems of hereditary knighthood have existed or do exist.
Ridder , Dutch for "knight", is a hereditary noble title in the Netherlands. It is the lowest title within the nobility system and ranks below that of " Baron " but above " Jonkheer " the latter is not a title, but a Dutch honorific to show that someone belongs to the untitled nobility.
The collective term for its holders in a certain locality is the Ridderschap e. Ridderschap van Holland, Ridderschap van Friesland, etc. In the Netherlands no female equivalent exists.
Before , the history of nobility is separate for each of the eleven provinces that make up the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In each of these, there were in the early Middle Ages a number of feudal lords who often were just as powerful, and sometimes more so than the rulers themselves.
In old times, no other title existed but that of knight. In the Netherlands only 10 knightly families are still extant, a number which steadily decreases because in that country ennoblement or incorporation into the nobility is not possible anymore.
Likewise Ridder , Dutch for "knight", or the equivalent French Chevalier is a hereditary noble title in Belgium.
Like in the Netherlands, no female equivalent to the title exists. Belgium still does have about registered knightly families. The German and Austrian equivalent of an hereditary knight is a Ritter.
This designation is used as a title of nobility in all German-speaking areas. Traditionally it denotes the second lowest rank within the nobility, standing above " Edler " noble and below " Freiherr " baron.
For its historical association with warfare and the landed gentry in the Middle Ages, it can be considered roughly equal to the titles of "Knight" or "Baronet".
In the Kingdom of Spain , the Royal House of Spain grants titles of knighthood to the successor of the throne. This knighthood title known as Order of the Golden Fleece is among the most prestigious and exclusive Chivalric Orders.
The Royal House of Portugal historically bestowed hereditary knighthoods to holders of the highest ranks in the Royal Orders. External Websites.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Alternative Titles: Ritter, chevalier, knighthood, miles. Read More on This Topic. If sources can be trusted, the Franks still fought mainly on foot when they defeated the Moors at Poitiers in ad.
Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Agoracritus presents his transformed master with a "well-hung" boy  and with the Peacetreaties — two girls that Cleon had been keeping locked up in order to prolong the war.
Demos invites Agoracritus to a banquet at the town hall and the entire cast exits in good cheer — all except Cleon, who is required to sell sausages at the city gate as punishment for his crimes.
Cleon's political career was founded on his opposition to the cautious war strategy of Pericles and its highpoint came with the Athenian victory at Sphacteria, for which he was feted and honoured by the majority of his fellow citizens.
Included in the civic honours were free meals at the town hall or prytaneion and front row seats at festivals such as the Lenaia and City Dionysia.
Cleon's entitlement to these honours is continually mocked by Aristophanes in The Knights and possibly Cleon was sitting in the front row during the performance.
Aristophanes makes numerous accusations against Cleon, many of them comic and some in earnest. He mocks Cleon for his questionable pedigree  but inscriptions indicate that the social origins of demagogues like Cleon were not as obscure as Aristophanes and other comic poets tried to make out.
The knights citizens rich enough to own horses were the comic poet's natural allies against a populist such as Cleon — according to a passage in The Acharnians ,  they had recently forced him to hand over a large sum of money, implying that he had obtained it corruptly.
The play also accuses Cleon of manipulating census lists to impose crippling financial burdens on his choice of victims lines — Old Comedy is a highly topical form of comic drama and its meanings are often obscured by multiple references to contemporary news, gossip and literature.
Centuries of scholarship have unriddled many of these references and they are explained in commentaries in various editions of the plays.
The following lists are compiled from two such sources. Within the satirical context, he is a sausage seller who must overcome self-doubts to challenge Cleon as a populist orator, yet he is a godlike, redemptive figure in the allegory.
His appearance at the start of the play is not just a coincidence but a godsend kata theon , line , the shameless pranks that enable him to defeat Paphlagonian were suggested to him by the goddess Athena , he attributes his victory to Zeus, god of the Greeks , and he compares himself to a god at the end He demonstrates miraculous powers in his redemption of The people and yet it was done by boiling, a cure for meat practised by a common sausage seller.
He is never called 'Cleon' and he doesn't look like Cleon since the maskmakers refused to caricature him. Cleon's father, Cleaenetus, is mentioned by name line but there is no mention of his relationship with Paphlagonian.
The name 'Paphlagonian' implies that the antagonist is of foreign descent and he is said to be the grandson of a foreign mercenary employed by the tyrant, Hippias line However, an oracle refers to Paphlagonian as the watchdog of Athens Kuon or Dog, line and Kuon was in fact Cleon's nickname later exploited in the trial scene in The Wasps.
On the other hand, the second half of the debate lines — features absurd accusations that are aimed at an entirely comic villain.
The lists were probably based on the conjecture of ancient critics and yet there is little doubt that they reflect Aristophanes' intentions.
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